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Tripartite Soul Theory
from Plato, Shakespeare, Religion & more…

Several truly impressive authorities accept "Tripartite Soul Theory"



Is Human Being more truly Metaphysical than Physical?


Darwin and Metaphysics

 

Where this could, possibly, lead ...

graphical speculation on individual Human Nature shaping Society

N. B. The page mentioned in the graphic ~ roots.asp ~ has been replaced,
(on our partner site www.age-of-the-sage.org), by this page

This 'knot of roots' insight features in:

Ralph Waldo Emerson's famous essay ~ 'History'

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In defence of this Church, Mosque, Shrine, Synagogue and Temple "co-presentation".


Some truly extra-ordinary wisdoms ~ a brief selection of "Central Spiritual Insights" gleaned from Christian sources closely followed by another brief selection of "Central Spiritual Insights" drawn from "non-Christian" Inter-Faith sources ~ are set out below!

A selection of "Central Spiritual Insights" gleaned from Christian sources

These Christian quotations have been selected based on their inherent Spiritual Impact, (rather than whether they might be deemed to be Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox), and come from The New International Version of The Bible.


A Disdain for Materialism
Whosoever will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me. For whosoever will save his life shall lose it; but whosoever shall lose his life for my sake and the gospel's, the same shall save it. For what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?

Jesus

A Distrust of Intellect
So I tell you this, and insist on it in the Lord, that you must no longer live as the Gentiles do, in the futility of their thinking. They are darkened in their understanding and separated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them due to the hardening of their hearts.

St. Paul

Spiritual Insights are possible!
What we have received is not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, so that we may understand what God has freely given us. This is what we speak, not in words taught us by human wisdom but in words taught by the Spirit, explaining spiritual realities with Spirit-taught words. The person without the Spirit does not accept the things that come from the Spirit of God but considers them foolishness, and cannot understand them because they are discerned only through the Spirit.

St. Paul

Charity
Dear friends, let us love one another, for love comes from God. Everyone who loves has been born of God and knows God. Whoever does not love does not know God, because God is love.

St. John

Purity of Heart
Do everything without grumbling or arguing, so that you may become blameless and pure, "children of God without fault in a warped and crooked generation." Then you will shine among them like stars in the sky as you hold firmly to the word of life...

St. Paul

Humility
Nor are you to be called 'teacher,' for you have one Teacher, the Christ. The greatest among you will be your servant. For whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.

Jesus

Meekness
Therefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath; for the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God.

St. James

On a Contented Life
Rejoice in the Lord always: and again I say, Rejoice. Let your moderation be known unto all men. The Lord is at hand. Be careful of nothing; but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your request be made known unto God. And the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus. Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; and if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things. Those things, which ye have both learned, and received, and heard, and seen in me, do: and the God of peace shall be with you.

St. Paul


"Central Spiritual Insights" drawn from "non-Christian" Inter-Faith sources

Our world seems to be becoming more and more "globalised" presenting us with new challenges of co-existence between cultural communities and of toleration between faith communities!

Extensive studies have been conducted into Comparative Spirituality by ourselves and were actually undertaken before 2000 A.D. and hence prior to that difficult situation, often overstated as being an actual "Clash of Cultures," that has (however that situation should be depicted) been all too evident in recent years.
As such these studies will hopefully qualify to be considered as having adopted a somewhat open and unprejudiced consideration of the spiritual teachings of such major World Religions as Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Taoism and Judaism.

In the following brief overview one or two quotes are presented from Buddhist, Hindu, Islamic, Jewish, Sikh and Taoist sources respectively.
Such inclusivity as this is quite clearly necessary in any genuine attempt to present a wide-ranging and profound overview of non-Christian spiritual insights.

Those inclined to look further into Comparative Religion Spirituality can find links to more detailed studies at the end of this initial presentation.

A Disdain for Materialism
Chuang Tzu put on cotton clothes with patches in them, and arranging his girdle and tying on his shoes, (i.e. to keep them from falling off), went to see the prince of Wei.
"How miserable you look, Sir!" Cried the prince. "It is poverty, not misery," replied Chuang Tzu. "A man who has TAO cannot be miserable. Ragged clothes and old boots make poverty, not misery."

Chuang Tzu - (Taoism)

A Distrust of Intellect
Sell your cleverness and buy bewilderment; Cleverness is mere opinion, bewilderment intuition.

Rumi - (Sufism ~ a notably mystical, minority, tradition associable with both Sunni and Shia Islam)

Spiritual Insights are possible!
The intelligence of the mean man does not rise beyond bribes and letters of recommendation. His mind is beclouded with trivialities. Yet he would penetrate the mystery of TAO and of creation, and rise to participation in the ONE. The result is that he is confounded by time and space; and that trammelled by objective existences, that he fails apprehension of that age before anything was. But the perfect man, - he carries his mind back to the period before the beginning. Content to rest in the oblivion of nowhere, passing away like flowing water, he is merged in the clear depths of the infinite.

Chuang Tzu - (Taoism)

Charity
He that does everything for Me, whose supreme object I am, who worships Me, being free from attachment and without hatred to any creature, this man, Arjuna!, comes to Me.

Bhagavad Gita ~ (Hinduism) ~ also known as ~ (Vedanta).

And my soul is absorbed
In the Love of My Lord.
Bow humbly to the saint
That is a pious act.
Bow to the ground before him
That is devotion, indeed.

The faithless know not,
The joy of the love of the Lord;

From Sohila-Arti ~ a bed-time prayer
This section of which is attributed to Guru Ram Das - (Sikhism)

Purity of Heart
The path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day. The way of the wicked is as darkness: they know not at what they stumble.

Solomon - (Judaism)

Humility
Would you become a pilgrim on the road of love? The first condition is that you make yourself humble as dust and ashes.

Ansari of Herat - (Islam)

Meekness
Let a man overcome anger by love, let him overcome evil by good; let him overcome the greedy by liberality, the liar by truth! Speak the truth, do not yield to anger; give, if thou art asked for little; by these three steps thou wilt go near the gods.

Dhammapada - (Buddhism)

On a Contented Life
There is a way which seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death.
Even in laughter the heart is sorrowful; and the end of that mirth is heaviness.
The backslider in heart shall be filled with his own ways: and a good man shall be satisfied from himself.

Book of Proverbs - (Judaism)


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The following linked pages, (available on our partner site age-of-the-sage.org), are intended to more fully demonstrate a degree of Common Ground between the Inner-most Spiritual Teachings of several major World Religions on Charity, Purity of Heart, Humility, Meekness, A Disdain for Materialism (compared to the Spiritual), A Distrust of the Intellect (compared to Divine Inspiration) and A Yearning for Divine Edification (or A Thirst for Spiritual Enlightenment).
These quotations are presented on a series of very brief pages where each faith is considered individually.
We have seen it as worthwhile to add another category of quotation ~ where recognition has been given "by the wise and holy of several faiths" to the possibility of Mystical Communion with God.

Buddhist
Spirituality
Quotations



Islamic
Spirituality
Quotations



Vedic-Hindu
Spirituality
Quotations



Christian Spirituality Quotations


Sikh
Spirituality
Quotations



Taoist
Spirituality
Quotations



Jewish
Spirituality
Quotations




It is widely recognised that when we get served-up with Google search results it is usual for us to only actually visit one or two of the first few of the web pages that any Google search has brought to our attention.

Awareness of this has prompted strenuous efforts to be made to make "Tripartite Soul Theory related" content, (that did not tend to feature highly in Google searches but which, according to Google Analytics reports, visitors seemed to find very interesting when then arrived at it), much more likely to feature highly in future Google searches.

It is hoped that this content, which was previously somewhat deeply located on the Age-of-the-Sage.org website, will rank much more prominently in future Google searches, and receive more visitors, through being placed "front and center" on these Tripartite-Soul-Theory.com pages.

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Very few people would deny that there could well be aspects to Human Nature which empathise with poetical, or spiritual, truths making certain quotes eminently quotable and awakening strong suspicions that there are certain Eternal Truths which can be poetically, or spiritually, discerned.

Wisdoms of the Poets


A Disdain for Material Things
Poor and content is rich, and rich enough.
William Shakespeare
A Distrust of Intellect
The intellectual power, through words and things, Went sounding on, a dim and perilous way!
William Wordsworth

Errors like straws, upon the surface flow; He who would search for pearls must dive below.
John Dryden

Into the eye and prospect of his soul.
William Shakespeare

Here the heart May give a useful lesson to the head, And learning wiser grow without his books
William Cowper
Poetical Insights are possible!
God guard me from those thoughts men think In the mind alone; He that sings a lasting song Thinks in a marrow-bone;
William Butler Yeats
Charity
Poets are all who love, who feel great truths, and tell them: and the truth of truths is love.
Philip James Bailey

He hath a tear for pity, and a hand Open as day for melting charity
William Shakespeare
Purity of Heart
A peace above all earthly dignities, A still and quiet conscience.
William Shakespeare

There is no terror, Cassius, in your threats; For I am armed so strong in honesty That they pass by me as the idle wind, Which I respect not.
William Shakespeare
Humility
I charge thee, fling away ambition By that sin fell the angels. How can man then, The image of his maker hope to win by it? Love thyself last: cherish those hearts that hate thee; Corruption wins not more than honesty Still in thy right hand carry gentle peace, To silence envious tongues: be just, and fear not. Let all the ends thou aim'st at be thy country's, Thy God's and truth's
William Shakespeare
Meekness
Since my dear soul was mistress of her choice, And could of men distinguish her election, Sh'hath sealed thee for herself, for thou hast been As one in suff'ring all that suffers nothing, A man that Fortune's buffets and rewards Hast ta'en with equal thanks; and blest are those Whose blood and judgement are so well co-medled, That they are not a pipe for Fortune's finger To sound what stop she please: give me that man That is not passion's slave, and I will wear him In my heart's core, ay in my heart of heart, As I do thee
William Shakespeare
On a Contented Life
The primal duties shine aloft, like stars; The charities that soothe, and heal, and bless, Are scattered at the feet of Man, like flowers.
William Wordsworth

Live while you live, the epicure would say, And seize the pleasures of the present day; Live while you live the sacred preacher cries, And give to God each moment as it flies. Lord, in my views let both united be; I live to pleasure when I live to thee.
Philip Dodderidge

He that has light within his own clear breast May sit in the centre and enjoy bright day; But he that hides a dark soul and foul thoughts Benighted walks under the midday sun.
John Milton

Well may your hearts believe the truths I tell; 't is virtue makes the bliss where'er we dwell.
William Collins

For blessings ever wait on virtuous deeds, And though a late, a sure reward succeeds.
William Congreve

The soul's calm sunshine and heartfelt joy.
Alexander Pope
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Spiritual Practices may be found to be inherently rewarding by many people who engage in them. However, such persons can tend be seen as being unworldly and we would do well to remember that both worldly and unworldly people will, inevitably, live out their lives in the then prevailing historical and societal contexts.

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Those of our visitors who continue to consider the content of these Tripartite Soul Theory pages will find irrefutable evidences that all of FIVE major World Religions, Pythagoras (yes, he of the theorem), a most notable American Man-of-Letters named Ralph Waldo Emerson, and actual Historical Occurences, also endorse the presence of such Honesty, Manhood, Good-fellowship Tripartism.


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As to Tripartite Soul Human Nature being directly related to occurences across Human History -
"History is for human self-knowledge ... the only clue to what man can do is what man has done. The value of history, then, is that it teaches us what man has done and thus what man is."
R. G. Collingwood


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As to actual Historical Occurences -

In southern England in the later part of the ninth century A.D. King Alfred the Great authorised, and may have personally contributed to, a translation of Boethius' work "The Consolations of Philosophy."

Whilst this translation is not today held to be fully accurate it did, as published under the royal authority of Alfred as King of Wessex, include this passage:

"… you know that desire for and possession of earthly power never pleased me overmuch, and that I did not unduly desire this earthly rule, but that nevertheless I wished for tools and resources for the task that I was commanded to accomplish, which was that I should virtuously and worthily guide and direct the authority which was entrusted to me. You know of course that no-one can make known any skill, nor direct and guide any enterprise, without tools and resources; a man cannot work on any enterprise without resources. In the case of the king, the resources and tools with which to rule are that he have his land fully manned: he must have praying men, fighting men and working men. You know also that without these tools no king may make his ability known."
Source - Alfred the Great: Asser's Life of King Alfred and Other Contemporary Sources.


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These pages consider the endorsement of Tripartite Soul theory by several notable authorities, consider the direct linkages between Human Nature and History suggested by R G Collingwood, Immanuel Kant and others, and provide evidences and examples as to how the foundations of several European states being peopled by praying men (churchmen and women), fighting men, (feudal aristocracies and their armed retainers), and working men, (agricultural laborers, artisans and merchants), together with dynastic rulers proved highly resilient with such an overall societal structures adapting, but persisting into the nineteen-hundreds, or for more than one thousand years.
It cannot be denied, however, that where Dynastic Rulers, Churchmen and Aristocracies, (whilst supported by the efforts of agricultural laborers, artisans and merchants), were all at the center of affairs in several European states in King Alfred's time Churchmen and Aristocracies were tending to become moreso of an evident backdrop to affairs in the later eighteen-hundreds.

Such overall Societal Tripartism only began to be seriously challenged - long-term - in Europe in 1848-9 when Continental Europe featured widespread socio-political-economic turmoil and such then newly potent "isms" as Liberalism, Constitutionalism, Nationalism and Socialism each had their partisans, and direct challenges to the previous orderings of things were, in several cases, determinedly mounted.

It is intended that coverage of the events of the European Revolutions of 1848-9, and of the nineteenth-century "Unification of Italy" that is presently still hosted at Age-of-the-Sage.org, will also be transferred to Tripartite-Soul-Theory.com.
In the meantime direct links to this more recent historical content, showing something of how the Europe of Dynastic Rulers, Churchmen, Aristocracies ~ and a (distinct majority of) "Third Estate" of persons who variously worked and traded ~ came to be largely replaced by a Europe of Parliamentary Democracies where Dynastic Rulers, Churchmen and Aristocracies are either absent, (or constitutionally limited, or have only relatively submerged existences), are offered on the Tripartite-Soul-Theory.com page detailing Historical Evidences of Tripartism.


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Several truly notable authorities
endorse Tripartite Soul Theory


Key Socratic Dialogues from
Book 4 and Book 9 of Plato's Republic



Plato's Ideal State       Plato's Chariot allegory      


Philosophy - Eastern and Western & 'Tripartite' Human Nature


FIVE major World Religions & 'Tripartite' Human Nature